Glassy Buttons on a Magnifier
Glassy buttons, or other controls, have a great appeal because of their transparent and shiny character. They remind us of gems. In user interfaces, the transparent character is also of great use in case you need to see what is beneath the control.
Recently, I dug up the Silverlight Glass Button tutorial by Martin Grayson. This glass button consists not only of a very fine looking exterior, but also has sophisticated animated behavior. An overview of the steps to create such a button is as follows below.
Creating the Glassy Button
- Create project in Blend
- Set the root background to a gradient color that blends well with the color of the glass button.
- Create a button and start editing the template (empty template option)
- Add a Border control to the template: the button’s Outer Border
- Add a second border, within the outer border: the Inner Border. Set the backgroundColor to Black, and the Alpha to 0.5.
- Add Grid to Inner Border with a row divider to middle of the grid
- Add border to top row: the Shine. Remove the margins, set the V / H alignment to stretch, and set the background to linear gradient from top to bottom. Set the Black gradient stop to Alpha = 60%, color=white. Set Other gradient stop to Alpha = 20%.
- Add ContentPresenter to the center of the Button. Set it between Shine and Glow (see below). Set Foreground color to white (or other color that stands out).
This is the standard look of the button. Now add a blue Vista glow for the MouseOver event.
- Add another border, called Glow to the Grid, RowSpan = 2. Width=Auto, H/V align = stretch. The Background is a RadialGradientBrush. Set the left gradient stop to a light blue (141, 189, 255) with alpha: 70%, and the right stop to the same color with alpha = 0. Expand the gradient beyond the bounds of the button to look like the rising sun in the top row. Set the glow behind the Shine. Set opacity of the control to 0, animation that will show it will be added later
- Animate the MouseOver state transition by moving the Glow opacity in 0.33 s to 1.0, including revert.
- Animate the button Press state transition by hiding the Glow (Visibility:Hidden), setting the Opacity of the Shine to 40%, and settting the Background Border opacity from 80% to 50%.
That’s it. Of Course, the color of the button is arbitrary, as is the color of the Shine and Glow. This idea could be extended by providing an extra bottom layer onto which you could project items. Possible items are an image, a video, a Dropshadow of the text in the button’s Content control, etc. Another extension might be to apply the inner shadow by Samual Jack.
The Magnifier control
The glassy button has been used in a magnifier control. A magnifier can be used to enlarge pieces of the client window in order to study it with more precision. This specific magnifier has five buttons: enlarge what is under the magnifying glass, reduce it, reset it to normal, and then: flip the image horizontally or vertically (toggles). This last functionality may come in handy if you want to study rotated / mirrored images.
Note that this is the second time that we encounter the need for a jog / shuttle control: to be able to rotate the magnified image to arbitrary angle, apart from mirroring, would be an improvement. In this specific application we would use the jog / shuttle control as a rim around the magnifying glass.
Okay, back to the Glassy Buttons. They fit nicely in this design since you can look through them when positioning the magnifier. The outer border of the magnifying glass has been transparently colored using a rainbow like gradient so you can find it back, also in a multicolored image like the one in the example App.
In order to position the magnifier, you can drag it around by the rim. The functionality was added using the Expression Blend MouseDragElementBehavior. Although this behavior doesn’t work for Buttons, it works for controls that contain Buttons.
The magnifier uses two WriteableBitmaps. One to hold an image of the LayoutRoot, and one to hold the image of the magnifier. Copying is done using the Clear and the Blit function in the WriteableBitmap Extensions. Of course, before copying the visible rectangle has to be determined, for situations in which the magnifier is only partly visible (off screen / covered).
A specific problem solved was how to initially get the bitmap of the LayoutRoot. If the image is loaded from the hosting web site, and is not present in the xap itself, the LayoutRoot bitmap remains empty, until created after the first rendering. For all clarity, the creation of the LayoutRoot bitmap is located in the SizeChanged event handler. So, we have the initial LayoutRoot bitmap created the first time the magnifier bitmap is created – code guarded by a Boolean flag :-(.
The magnification itself, as well as the horizontal and vertical flips is done by means of a simple pixel shader.